Civics

Power Sharing

Question:

The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town's schools. He said that the ban would help all non ¬Dutch speakers integrate in this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium's power sharing arrangements ? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Answer:

No, the measure taken by the Mayor of Merchtem is not in keeping with the spirit of Belgium's power sharing arrangements. As 59 per cent of the population in the Flemish region speaks Dutch, the ban on speaking French in the town's schools would prevent French and Dutch speakers to mingle with each other, and also create feelings of distrust and suspicion. The ban ignores the regional differences and cultural diversities. It is against the spirit of accommodating every linguistic group, and creating a right environment for everyone to live. The ban, rather, makes the ground for a civic strife, and a possible division of the community on linguistic lines.

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Power Sharing

Q 1.

Why is horizontal distribution of power often referred to as a system of ‘checks and balances' ? Explain. [CSBE 2012]

Q 2.

State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.  [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 3.

Explain the vertical division of power by giving examples from India. [CBSE 2013]

Q 4.

Describe with examples the way in which power can be shared among different social and linguistic groups ?  [CBSE 2010]

Q 5.

Which values you have learnt from the principle of power sharing ?

Q 6.

After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why ? Give your reasons in about 50 words.
Thomman – Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions.
Mattai – Power sharing is suited only for big countries that have regional divisions.
Ousep – Every society needs some form of power sharing even if they are small or do not have social divisions.

Q 7.

Give three examples of power sharing in India. Also mention the social/moral value it strengthens.

Q 8.

Read the following passage, and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.
"We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the dream of Mahatma Gandhi, and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. The Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy – in the hands of the people. Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption, and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus the Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy."

Q 9.

Principle of majoritarianism is against the human values.' Justify.

Q 10.

How is power shared among the different organs of the government ? Explain.
[CBSE 2009 (O)]

Q 11.

What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies ? Give an example of each of these.

Q 12.

The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town's schools. He said that the ban would help all non ¬Dutch speakers integrate in this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium's power sharing arrangements ? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Q 13.

Describe any three demands of the Sri Lankan Tamils. How did they struggle for their independence ?  [CBSE 2009 (O), Sept. 2012]

Q 14.

What is majoritarianism ? How has it increased the feelings of alienation among the Sri Lankan Tamils ? Explain with examples. [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
What were the reasons for the alienation of Sri Lankan Tamils ? What was the effect of this on the country ? [CBSE 2011 ]
Or
Why do the Sri Lankan Tamils feel alienated in spite of their long stay in Sri Lanka ?
Or
What is majoritarianism ? How has it been adopted in Sri Lanka ? [CBSE 2010]