english - practical english grammar

Competitive Exams - English

Practical English Grammar

MCQ
Notes

sentences fragments and run on sentences


A sentence can be a word (Stop!) or a group of words that must contain a
subject (doer), a verb (action), and a complete thought.

ā˛² In the sentence, ‘‘Lorina washed her face,’’ the subject is Lorina, the verb
is washed, and the group of words makes a complete thought.
A fragment is a group of words that might lack a subject or a verb and does
notmake a complete thought.

ā˛² ‘‘During the trial’’ is a fragment since there is no subject, verb, or
complete thought.

ā˛²‘‘Vicki running next to her sister’’ is another fragment because, though
it has a subject, (Vicki), and possibly a verb (running), the group of words
does not make a complete thought. Thus, it is not a sentence.

ā˛² The group of words ‘‘After these stray dogs were placed in the pound’’ is
also a fragment. It has a subject (dogs) and a verb (were placed), but there
is no complete thought.

A run-on sentence is two (or more) sentences incorrectly written as a single
sentence.

ā˛² ‘‘The sofa is comfortable, the chair is too’’ is an example of a run-on
sentence because two complete sentences are incorrectly joined (or
spliced) by a comma.

ā˛² Sometimes run-on sentences have no punctuation at all! An example
of this is, ‘‘Princeton University is a fine place of higher learning it is
located in New Jersey.’’ Here, there are really two sentences that have
been mistakenly joined or spliced into one.

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Notes


Practical English Grammar - Notes
1. compound subjects part two
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2. Quotation Marks Part Three
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3. Italics Hyphens and Brackets
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4. the participle and participial phrase
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5. the object of the preposition
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6. subject complements predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
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7. introducing phrases
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8. Confusing usage words part three
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9. the adverb
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10. the gerund and gerund phrase
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11. the adjective clause
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12. the noun clause
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13. types of sentences by purpose
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14. the correlative conjunction
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15. compound subject and compound predicate
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16. The possessive case
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17. the indirect object
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18. complete and simple predicates
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19. types of nouns
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20. the pronoun
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21. introducing clauses
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22. Confusing usage words part one
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23. The coordinating conjunction
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24. the interjection
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25. the verb phrase
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26. the adjective
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27. the adverb clause
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28. what good writers do
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29. Sound a like words Part Two
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30. the preposition
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31. the noun
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32. singular and plural nouns and pronouns
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33. the noun adjective pronoun question
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34. the verb
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35. the adverb phrase
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36. the subordinating conjunction
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37. the adjective phrase
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38. Confusing usage words part six
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39. the infinitive and infinitive phrase
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40. personal pronouns
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41. the appositive
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42. Parentheses Ellipsis Marks and Dashes
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43. The nominative case
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44. compound complex sentences
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45. complete and simple subjects
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46. Periods Question Marks and Exclamation Marks
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47. Commas Part One
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48. First Capitalization List
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49. Second Capitalization List
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50. The verb be
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