english - practical english grammar

Competitive Exams - English

Practical English Grammar

MCQ
Notes

Commas Part Two


Here are some useful rules when you are working with commas.

2 Use a comma after Yes and No when these words start a sentence.

Yes, we have the show’s starting time.
No, there are no bananas in that store.

3 Use a comma both after consecutive introductory prepositional phrases
and after a long introductory prepositional phrase.

In the middle of New York City, the traffic is very heavy during
rush hour.

In the World Series’ final game that was played in 1960, the Pirates hitter
whacked a home run over the left field wall.

Note: A comma can be placed after a short introductory prepositional
phrase if the sentence’s meaning and flow are improved by the comma.
Read the sentence aloud to see if a comma is justified.

In the first instance, the dog was in the back of the van.
Without Greg’s assistance, Ricardo would have spent many hours on
that project.

4 Use a comma after an introductory participle or participial phrase.
Intrigued, the young child looked into the fishbowl.

Motivated by their drama coach’s remarks, the cast members worked
even harder than before.

5 Use a comma after an introductory adverb clause.

Before we started our vacation, we had the mechanic check out our car.
Note: In most instances (unless the sentence’s meaning is unclear),
an adverb clause that follows an independent clause is not preceded

by a comma.

I cannot recall a single instance when Jimmy was inconsiderate.

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Notes


Practical English Grammar - Notes
1. compound subjects part two
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2. Quotation Marks Part Three
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3. Italics Hyphens and Brackets
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4. the participle and participial phrase
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5. the object of the preposition
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6. subject complements predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
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7. introducing phrases
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8. Confusing usage words part three
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9. the adverb
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10. the gerund and gerund phrase
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11. the adjective clause
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12. the noun clause
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13. types of sentences by purpose
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14. the correlative conjunction
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15. compound subject and compound predicate
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16. The possessive case
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17. the indirect object
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18. complete and simple predicates
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19. types of nouns
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20. the pronoun
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21. introducing clauses
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22. Confusing usage words part one
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23. The coordinating conjunction
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24. the interjection
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25. the verb phrase
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26. the adjective
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27. the adverb clause
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28. what good writers do
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29. Sound a like words Part Two
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30. the preposition
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31. the noun
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32. singular and plural nouns and pronouns
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33. the noun adjective pronoun question
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34. the verb
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35. the adverb phrase
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36. the subordinating conjunction
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37. the adjective phrase
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38. Confusing usage words part six
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39. the infinitive and infinitive phrase
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40. personal pronouns
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41. the appositive
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42. Parentheses Ellipsis Marks and Dashes
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43. The nominative case
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44. compound complex sentences
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45. complete and simple subjects
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46. Periods Question Marks and Exclamation Marks
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47. Commas Part One
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48. First Capitalization List
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49. Second Capitalization List
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50. The verb be
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